Verbals

Infinitives / Gerunds / Participles

The meaning of an infinitive, gerund, or participle is based on its verb form, but as a verbal it takes a different role in a sentence.

 
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level: INTERMEDIATE

 
 

Students should already be familiar with:

parts of speech // -ing forms

Check out our video guide for tips.

 

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Verb Patterns

When two verbs are interconnected, then second should be a verbal.  But whether it's infinitive of -ing form depends on the first verb.

But instead of memorize the rule for scores of verbs, we've put them into just a few groups to make it easier.

 
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Printout

'after certain verbs' by group

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Slideshow

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Insider Notes

e.g.: 'Habits' is a group that applies to the 2nd verb, not the 1st.

 
 

Participle Adjectives

Also known as -ING and -ED/-EN adjectives.  We use the present participle to express that a noun causes an action and the past participle to express that a noun is affected by an action.

 
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Printout

participle adjectives summary

irregular V3 by group

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Slideshow

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Insider Notes

e.g.: -ive adjectives are similar to -ing adjectives

 
 
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Gerunds

- coming soon -

 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Activity Idea

Instructions:  Take a list of instructions (just grab something simple from the internet or off some product box) and turn them into verb patters.  What does the supplier encourage, expect, demand, prohibit, direct, recommend, etc.