Students should already be familiar with:

  • parts of speech

  • -ing forms

Verbals Guide
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Gerunds - video thumbnail.jpg


While actions are verbs, activities are nouns. One way to turn a verb into a noun is by adding -ing to the end.

Verb Patterns - video thumbnail.jpg

Verb Patterns

When two ‘verbs’ are interconnected, then second (the verb complement) should be a Verbal. Whether it takes the TO ____ form (Infinitive) or the ____ING form (like Gerunds and Participles) depends on the first verb.

But instead of memorizing rules for over a hundred verbs, we've put them into just a few groups to make it easier.

Passive & Active Adjectives - video thumbnail.jpg

Participle Adjectives

Also known as -ING and -ED/-EN adjectives. We use the present participle to express that a noun causes an action and the past participle to express that a noun is affected by an action.

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The Verbals Guide includes:

Prerequisites in more detail


  • Properties of Gerunds

  • ‘After Certain Verbs’ by Group

  • Participle Adjectives Summary

  • Irregular Verbs by Group

Slideshows for each video

Ancillary Topic on Reporting Verb Patterns

6 pages of Bonus Notes such as:

  • Gerunds can have adverbs.

  • -ive adjectives are similar to -ing adjectives

Related Project Ideas like Webquest: Uncommon Hobbies

Recommended Activities

and more!