Students should already be familiar with:

  • parts of speech

  • -ing forms

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Gerunds

While actions are verbs, activities are nouns. One way to turn a verb into a noun is by adding -ing to the end.

 
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Printout

Nouns by Type

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Slideshow

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Bonus Notes

e.g. gerunds can have adverbs

 
 
 
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Verb Patterns

When two verbs are interconnected, then second should be a verbal. But whether it's infinitive of -ing form depends on the first verb.

But instead of memorize the rule for scores of verbs, we've put them into just a few groups to make it easier.

 
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Printout

'after certain verbs' by group

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Slideshow

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Bonus Notes

e.g.: 'Habits' is a group that applies to the 2nd verb, not the 1st.

 
 
 
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Participle Adjectives

Also known as -ING and -ED/-EN adjectives. We use the present participle to express that a noun causes an action and the past participle to express that a noun is affected by an action.

 
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Printout

participle adjectives summary

irregular V3 by group

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Slideshow

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Bonus Notes

e.g.: -ive adjectives are similar to -ing adjectives

 
 
 
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Reporting Verb Patterns

- coming soon -

 
 
 
 
 
 

 

Activity Idea

Tell a story with story diceWrite down some of the actions that come up, along with the sentences that were created for your story.  After the story is concluded, have the students write a summary or commentary on the story.  Let them see the original sentences with the featured actions.  In their summaries, they should turn actions into activities. (e.g. "She fought the dragon" -> "Her fighting was quick and impressive.")