Students should already be familiar with:
direct speech, or quotations
The Indirect Speech Guide includes:
Prerequisites in more detail
Reported Speech: Step-by-Step
Summary of Indirect Segments
Backshifting (1 by Verb Tense; 1 by Auxiliary Verb)
Slideshows for each video
Ancillary Topic on Reporting Verbs
about 40 Bonus Notes such as:
Don’t backshift the speaking verb.
‘Did’ backshifts to ‘had’, and the next verb takes the V3 form.
Related Teaching Tips like Context Matters