Context Matters

Is tomato a fruit or a vegetable?  This debate has been going on for quite some time now, and it’s an interesting one.

On one hand, everyone knows that you’d eat tomatoes with other vegetables like peppers or onions, maybe mushrooms.  Also, tomatoes can be cooked in a variety of ways, but fruits are rarely cooked except in desserts.  (Tomato pie, anyone?)  People often eat a fruit raw and by itself, but who does that with a tomato?  By such reasoning, tomatoes are vegetables.

On the other hand, fruits are defined as the parts of plants that contain seeds, whether small ones as on strawberries or large cores as in peaches.  Tomatoes have seeds, therefore they are fruit.  The same can be said with other pseudo-vegetables like cucumbers, squash, and green beans, by the way.

So which is correct?  The answer: it depends.  What’s interesting about this debate is that the two sides are talking about two separate things; the context is different.  I’d say they’re comparing apples to oranges, but we don’t need to add more fruit to this situation.

You’ll notice the argument that tomatoes are vegetables is all about cooking and eating.  Within the context of food, tomatoes are vegetables.  But the context of the opposing argument has nothing to do with food; within the context of plants, tomatoes are fruit.  So the answer to this timeless question depends on whether you’re asking a chef or a botanist.  In other words, this debate is pointless, but it exists because sometimes we don’t pay attention to context.

Context can determine which clause is the main clause and which is the relative clause.

In the classroom, identifying and clearly expressing context is crucial.  Sometimes it’s up to you as the teacher to clarify the context when confusion arises over the meaning of a word, phrase, or sentence.  And when teaching something new, it’s typically best to establish the context (hopefully, something your students are already familiar with) before introducing the new element.  If they already know the context, it’ll be much easier for them to grasp the meaning or significance of whatever you’re teaching.

The students themselves also need to establish context.  The biggest problem I’ve seen regarding this is in writing assignments – essays, for example.  When given an essay prompt in an exam, students typically start writing without restating the prompt, assuming that whoever reads it already knows what to expect.  This isn’t always the case, and even though readers do sometimes know the exact prompt, leaving out the context isn’t a habit students should get into.  It doesn’t take much; just a brief line is usually all it takes.  Communicating in the real world relies a lot upon establishing context, so students need to learn how to do this well in the classroom.

When you’re facing some confusion in the classroom, consider whether the context was properly made known.  Better yet, make sure everyone is in the habit of expressing the context at the beginning to avoid any confusion in the first place.  Context matters.

Context determines how point-of-view words change.

Get more with Insider Access

INCLUDING

Extra Video Content

more How-to-Teach grammar videos*

with intros, instructions, and summaries

*compared to free resources

AND

Exclusive Supplemental Resources

slideshows

posters & handouts

bonus notes

AND

Advanced Features in Student Projects

search and filter

planning info

language illuminated

In Favor of the Oxford Comma

The comma which comes between the last two entries of a list is called the Oxford Comma.  Many people omit it, but including this comma may improve communication

Read More »
teaching tips

Review Activities

Here are some activities that you can use with your class to review vocabulary and grammar. There are quite a few to choose from, and each is customizable; use whatever is best for your class!

Read More »
teaching tips

Editing Techniques

After students have written a piece of work, it’s important for them to self-edit. Here are some practices they should apply.

Read More »
language illuminated

Top-Down vs Bottom-Up Processing

We generally teach the structure of a grammar point, and the usage follows. That works well enough for receptive skills, but for productive skills, it feels backward. Maybe we should try the reverse approach.

Read More »
language illuminated

For Love of the Semicolon

Semicolons are not commonly used, but they’re my favorite punctuation mark. Hear me out. They’re rather versatile in connecting two aspects of a single idea. They reflect natural speech, and they also add variety to the transitions and sentence structure in your writing.

Read More »

Share This Post