the three parts of Question Tags, including the distinction between balanced and unbalanced tags
A list of conjunctions used to introduce Adverbial Clauses
A table showing the structure (with examples) of Object Questions and Subject Questions
a grouped list of Stative Verbs
the 3 parts that make up reported questions, formal inquiries, and polite requests
a list of coordinating conjunctions in diagram form to show meaning; all of these are used for compound sentences, and some of them are used in lists
a list of time expressions that go with the Past Perfect tense (along with where they come in the verb phrase)
point-of-view words and phrases that need to change when forming reported speech
the 3 steps to go from direct speech to reported speech
Backshift by auxiliary verb. (two pages: a simple version and a complete version)
Timelines to illustrate the three main uses of the Present Perfect Tense
Here are some time expressions commonly used with the Present Perfect tense
Nouns divided into groups: people & animals, things, places, ideas & emotions, and activities & events. Each group has a shape associated with it
a summary of the 1 Red ‘S’ rule
A summary of the steps to forming relative clauses, as well as a few other things to remember.
a list of contexts and examples of their associated verbs that are often expressed through Passive Voice
A summary of the steps to turn an active sentence into a passive one.
the basic helping verbs
If you're trying to memorize the irregular verbs, it might help to have them in groups.
an Irregular Verbs list for students at the beginner or elementary levels; a smaller list of more common verbs; doesn't include past participles
Gerunds have the properties both of Verbs and of Nouns
a summary of Passive (-ed) and Active (-ing) participle adjectives
A diagram for backshifting, if we do it according to the tenses
This table shows the details of the different conditionals (in color) as well as the patterns to simplify things (in dark grey)
lists of verbs which designate whether the following verb should be in infinitive form or in participle/gerund form; the lists are broken into groups to make it easier to remember
Remember to check this page again in a few weeks to see what else we've added.