a few of our PRINTOUTS

coordinating conjunctions (letter).jpg

Conjunctions for Compound Sentences

watch: Intro to Clauses video

download: letter / A4

Present Perfect time expressions (letter).jpg

Present Perfect Time Expressions

watch: Present Perfect video

download: letter / A4

Verb Patterns 'after certain verbs' group list (letter).jpg

Verb Patterns by Group

watch: Verb Patterns video

download: letter / A4

Participle Adjectives summary (letter).jpg

Active/Passive Adjectives

Reported Speech Rules (letter).jpg

Steps to Reported Speech

watch: Reported Speech video

download: letter / A4

Backshifting - word method (letter).jpg

Backshifting by Aux Verb



a few of our BONUS NOTES

Conditionals Bonus Note #7 of 13:

Would  is rarely used in 1st Conditionals.  It is, in many cases, the backshifted form of will, so it usually doesn't make sense to use would for future meaning.  But for unreal situations in the future, we could use other modals like shouldcould, or might.


Present Perfect Bonus Note #6 of 7:

We use Past Simple for more specifics than just when.  It can be used to ask and answer questions like "how was it?", "who did you go with?", "why did you do it?".  Another way to think about it is that you'd use Present Perfect at the introduction of this topic within a conversation, but any details that you go into after the introduction should probably be Past Simple.


Indirect Questions Bonus Note #5 of 9:

There are more types of polite requests which use participial phrases instead of content clauses.  For example you could say "Would you mind handing me my purse?"  The requested verb ('handing' in this example) has no subject, and there is no crux.  However, the usage is the same as the indirect questions covered in the video.

Passive Voice Bonus Note #8 of 10:

If you want to express transitioning into whatever situation the passive noun is in (as opposed to the state of simply being in that situation), use 'get' or 'become' instead of 'be' in front of the main verb.


What Are Clauses? Bonus Note #9 of 16:

Here's how to connect clauses in a compound sentence (place all these between the two clauses):

  • use both a comma and a conjunction; if you have one, you need the other

  • use a semicolon if the second clause is a clarification or extension of the first clause

  • use a colon if the second clause is a logical result of the first, or if the first is a categorization and the second is more specific


Yes/No Questions Bonus Note #10 of 13:

'Have got' (British) equates with 'do have' (American), and the two can be used interchangeably.  In fact, in casual speech it is acceptable to answer "Have you got a pencil?" with "Yes, I do," or "No, I don't."



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a few of our SLIDESHOWS

Past Perfect

Passive/Active Adjectives

Reported Speech


Relative Clauses

(all) Conditionals

Past Basic



one episode of our GRAMMAR PODCAST for you

This episode talks about regarding phrases and dependent clauses as particular parts of speech, with adjectives and adverbs as examples.



There's a lot more where that came from.

Each video has more supplementary materials than the ones available on this page, and there are more videos than we show here.  In fact, there are currently over 50 printouts and more than 200 bonus notes available to Insiders.  And there's more to come; we release even more videos, printouts, slideshows, insider notes, and extended-cut videos every month.

In addition to the video supplements, we also have our grammar podcast, direct Q&A, and sneak-peaks at our books.  All of these resources are exclusively for our Insiders.


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