a few of our PRINTOUTS
a few of our BONUS NOTES
Conditionals Bonus Note #7 of 13:
Would is rarely used in 1st Conditionals. It is, in many cases, the backshifted form of will, so it usually doesn't make sense to use would for future meaning. But for unreal situations in the future, we could use other modals like should, could, or might.
Present Perfect Bonus Note #6 of 7:
We use Past Simple for more specifics than just when. It can be used to ask and answer questions like "how was it?", "who did you go with?", "why did you do it?". Another way to think about it is that you'd use Present Perfect at the introduction of this topic within a conversation, but any details that you go into after the introduction should probably be Past Simple.
Indirect Questions Bonus Note #5 of 9:
There are more types of polite requests which use participial phrases instead of content clauses. For example you could say "Would you mind handing me my purse?" The requested verb ('handing' in this example) has no subject, and there is no crux. However, the usage is the same as the indirect questions covered in the video.
Passive Voice Bonus Note #8 of 10:
If you want to express transitioning into whatever situation the passive noun is in (as opposed to the state of simply being in that situation), use 'get' or 'become' instead of 'be' in front of the main verb.
What Are Clauses? Bonus Note #9 of 16:
Here's how to connect clauses in a compound sentence (place all these between the two clauses):
use both a comma and a conjunction; if you have one, you need the other
use a semicolon if the second clause is a clarification or extension of the first clause
use a colon if the second clause is a logical result of the first, or if the first is a categorization and the second is more specific
Yes/No Questions Bonus Note #10 of 13:
'Have got' (British) equates with 'do have' (American), and the two can be used interchangeably. In fact, in casual speech it is acceptable to answer "Have you got a pencil?" with "Yes, I do," or "No, I don't."
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one episode of our GRAMMAR PODCAST for you
This episode talks about regarding phrases and dependent clauses as particular parts of speech, with adjectives and adverbs as examples.
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